Vitiligo Treatment by Laser In Nagpur is a skin condition characterize by the loss of pigment, resulting in white patches on the skin. While there is no cure for vitiligo, various treatments aim to manage the condition and potentially promote repigmentation. Laser therapy is one of the treatment modalities use for vitiligo.
During both excimer and fractional laser therapy, safety measures are taken to protect the eyes .thus, surrounding healthy skin from exposure to the laser. Eye shields or protective goggles are typically use.
symptoms of vitiligo
White Patches: The most noticeable symptom is the development of white patches on the skin. These patches may vary in size and shape.
Symmetrical Distribution: Vitiligo patches often occur on both sides of the body in a symmetrical pattern. For example, if a patch appears on one knee, a similar patch may develop on the other knee.
Localize or Generalize: Vitiligo can be localize, affecting only a few areas. thus, it can be more widespread, covering larger portions of the body.
Hair and Eye Color Changes: In some, the loss of pigmentation can also affect the color of hair and eyes. Hair in the affecte areas may turn white or gray, and eye color may change.
No Other Physical Symptoms: Vitiligo typically does not cause other physical symptoms, such as itching or pain. It is primarily a cosmetic concern.
Excimer Laser Therapy
- Wavelength Selection: The excimer laser emits a focuse beam of ultraviolet B light, typically at a wavelength of 308 nanometers. This specific wavelength is chosen to target depigment areas without affecting surrounding healthy skin.
- Target Exposure: The dermatologist or healthcare professional uses the excimer laser to deliver targete pulses.thus UVB light to the vitiligo-affecte skin areas. This is usually done in a controll and precise manner.
- Stimulating Melanocytes: The UVB light stimulates the melanocytes, which are pigment-producing cells, encouraging them to produce melanin and promoting repigmentation in the treat areas.
- Session Duration and Frequency: A complete course of treatment may involve multiple sessions, with each session lasting a few minutes. The frequency of sessions depends on the individual’s response and the extent of vitiligo.
Fractional Laser Therapy
- Microscopic Injuries: Fractional lasers create controll microscopic injuries in the skin by emitting thousands of tiny laser beams. These injuries are typically superficial and designe to stimulate the skin’s natural healing response.
- Stimulating Melanocyte Migration: The fractional laser treatment aims to stimulate melanocytes to migrate to the treat areas and initiate regimentation. This process may involve a combination of the body’s natural healing mechanisms and the impact of laser-induce injuries.
- Topical Treatment Adjuncts: Fractional laser therapy is often use in conjunction with topical treatments, such as corticosteroids or calcineurin inhibitors, to enhance the overall effectiveness of the treatment.
- Session Schedule: Similar to excimer laser therapy, fractional laser sessions may be schedule over a period of time, with the frequency determine by the treating healthcare professional base on individual response and the extent of vitiligo.